DRUG ADDICTION:

There are numerous types of Narcotics/drugs available on the illegal market as well as legal drugs that can be purchased or obtained legally through a pharmacy or medical professional. All drugs are equally dangerous and cause various types of damage, no matter how they are used. Drug addiction starts as experimentation and nobody intends to become addicted at any point. The physical feelings drugs induce, are pure pleasure and most people who try drugs, believe that they have found the answers which they have been looking for. The use is all about pleasure seeking and there are no concepts of danger or consequences. They are still able to use with some success during the experimental phase. If you are finding evidence of drug abuse or paraphernalia at this point, it is no longer experimental and has probably moved to the next stage which is drug abuse. During this stage of the chemical dependency, a person goes out to seek the high and all that's associated with it. There is a lot of manipulation, dishonesty, chaos and a person usually concoct reasons, outings, and events when it comes to drug abuse. There are significant personality changes and the family is often in crisis from this stage of the dependency. Here we find the Parental Enabling Syndrome also taking effect and the whole family focuses on this person and the family crumbles as well as the chemically dependent person. They then move to the end stage which is addiction. Here the person uses to feel "normal", often using to prevent withdrawal as well as all the chaos they have created or are creating within their "system". The family is also sick at this point and there is utter madness within the entire family/work/friends/community and culture. Each addict is said to affect up to 16 people in their close circles.

A drug can be classified as anything that 'changes the way the nerve cells in your brain process information' (anything that has the propensity for habitual use and which alters the mood or the mind). What makes drugs addictive? There are a few scenarios we can look at. If a person uses a drug, a chemical called dopamine is released in the brain, this is the "feel good" chemical that is usually released in times of euphoria for example laughing, exercising, after eating or having sex. When narcotics are used, this is one of a couple of chemicals which are released in larger amounts therefore making you feel powerful. Since this euphoric feeling is so amazingly wonderful, drugs are used more and more to obtain these feelings of joy, euphoria and power. Due to the nature of chemicals, it is almost a given that a person is going to become dependent on the drug. The longer narcotics are used, the user will become unable to function normally on or off the drug and the symptoms that are experienced during withdrawal can be so unbearable that it leads people to use more in-order to avoid these symptoms. It is much like a rollercoaster ride that terrifies you, but you feel the need to do it again but go higher each time. The guilt and shame are deep set by now but the need for more of the drug/alcohol is automatic, overwhelming, primary and permanent. Addiction is described as "a primary, chronic disease of brain reward”. compulsive use of illegal drugs, alcohol, over-the-counter medications and other harmful substances despite the harmful consequences. like other chronic diseases such as Asthma and Diabetes, addiction often involves cycles of relapse and remission. Addiction is a progressive disease and can result in disability or premature death.



COCAINE ADDICTION:

Cocaine is a powerfully addictive stimulant druge made from the leaves of the Coca plant native to South America. Although health care providers can use it for valid medical purposes, such as local anesthesia for some surgeries, Cocaine is an illegal drug.

Street Names:

Blow, Bump, C, Candy, Charlie, Coke, Crack, Flake, Rock, Snow, Toot.

identification:

White powder, Whitish rock crystal.

ways used:

Snorted, Smoked, Injected.

possible health effects:

Narrowed blood vessels; enlarged pupils; increased body temperature, heart rate and blood pressure; headache; abdominal pain and nausea; euphoria; increased energy, alertness; insomnia; restlessness; anxiety; erratic and violent behaviour; panic attacks; paranoia; psychosis; heart rhythm problems; heart attack; stroke; seizure; coma. Loss of sense of smell; nosebleeds, nasal damage and trouble swallowing due to snorting; infection and death of bowel tissue from decreased blood flow; poor nutrition and weight loss from decreased appetite. Withdrawal symptoms include depression, tiredness, increased appetite, insomnia, vivid unpleasant dreams, slowed thinking and movement and restlessness.



KAT ADDICTION:

Kat is a stimulant. It is an amphetamine and has similar effects to Cocaine and Tik. Kat comes in two forms – the original (Cathinone) and artificial form (Methcathinone).

Street Names:

Jeff, Bathtub Speed, Wannabe-Speed, Kitty, Meth's Cat, Meth's Kitten.

identification:

White powder, Whitish rock crystal.

ways used:

Kat is taken into the body by snorting or inhaling. It is water-soluble, and can be taken orally when mixed with a liquid, and can also be injected into the veins.

possible health effects:

paranoia and delusions; hallucinations, including a sensation of bugs crawling under the skin; anxiety followed by depression; tremors and convulsions; anorexia, malnutrition, and weight loss; sweating, dehydration, and electrolyte imbalance; stomach pains and nausea; nose bleeding and eventual destruction of nasal tissues and erosion of the nasal septum elevated blood pressure and heart rate; body aches.



MARIJUANA ADDICTION:

Marijuana is made from the Hemp plant, Cannabis Sativa. The main psychoactive (mind-altering) chemical in Marijuana is delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC.

Street Names:

Blunt, Bud, Dope Ganja, Grass, Green, Herb, Joint, Mary Jane, Pot, Reefer, Skunk, Smoke, Weed, Hashish: Boom, Gangster, Hash, Hemp.

identification:

Greenish-grey mixture of dried, shredded leaves, stems, seeds, and/or flowers; resin (Hashish) or sticky black liquid (Hash oil).

ways used:

Smoked, eaten (mixed in food or brewed in tea).

possible health effects:

Enhanced sensory perception and euphoria followed by drowsiness/relaxation; slowed reaction time; problems with balance and coordination; increased heart rate and appetite; problems with learning and memory; hallucinations; anxiety; panic attacks; psychosis; Mental health problems, chronic cough, frequent respiratory infections. Youth: possible loss of IQ points when repeated use begins in adolescence. Pregnancy: babies born with problems with attention, memory and problem solving. When used in combination with Alcohol there is increased heart rate, blood pressure; furtherslowing of mental processing and reaction time. Withdrawal symptoms include irritability, trouble sleeping, decreased appetite, anxiety.



METHAMPHETAMINE ADDICTION:

An extremely addictive stimulant amphetamine drug. methamphetamine is a strong central nervous system stimulant that is mainly used as a recreational drug and less commonly as a treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and obesity.

Street Names:

Crank, Chalk, Crystal, Fire, Glass, Go fast, Ice, Meth, Speed.

identification:

White powder or pill; crystal meth looks like pieces of glass or shiny blue-white "rocks" of different sizes.

ways used:

Swallowed, snorted, smoked, injected.

possible health effects:

Increased wakefulness and physical activity; decreased appetite; increased breathing, heart rate, blood pressure, temperature; irregular heartbeat. Anxiety, confusion, insomnia, mood problems, violent behaviour, paranoia, hallucinations, delusions, wieght loss, severe dental problems, intense itching leading to sores from scratching. Pregnancy: premature delivery, seperation of the placenta from the uterus; low birth weight; lethargy; heart and brain problems. Risk of HIV, hepatitis and other infectious diseases from shared needles. When used in combination with alcohol it masks the depressant effect of alcohol, increasing risk of alcohol overdose; may increase blood pressure and jitters. Withdrawal symptoms include depression, anxiety, tiredness.



HEROIN ADDICTION:

An opioid drug made from morphine, a natural substance extracted from the seed pod of the Asian opium poppy plant. Heroin, also know as diamorphine among other names, is an opiate most commonly used as a recreational drug for its euphoric effects.

Street Names:

Brown Sugar, China White, Dope, H, Horse, Junk, Skag, Skunk, Smack, White Horse.

identification:

White or brownish powder, or black sticky substance know as "Tar Black Heroin".

ways used:

Injected, smoked, snorted.

possible health effects:

Euphoria; warm flushing of skin; dry mouth; heavy feeling in the hands and feet; clouded thinking; alternate wakeful and drowsy states; itchin; nausea; vomiting; slowed breathing and heart rate. Collapsed veins; abscesses; infection of the lining and valves in the heart; constipation and stomach cramps; liver or kidney disease; pneumonia. Pregnancy: miscarriage, low birth weight, neonatal abstinence syndrome. Risk of HIV, hepatitis and other infectious diseases from shared needles. When used in conjunction with alcohol a dangerous slowdown of heart rate and breathing, coma, death. Withdrawal symptoms include, restlessness, muscle and bone pain, insomnia, diarrhoea, vomiting, cold flashes with goose bumbs "cold turkey", leg movements.



PRESCRIPTION ADDICTION:

Prescription drug misuse has become a large public health problem, because misuse can lead to addiction, and even overdose deaths. Many people think prescription drugs are safe because they were prescribed by a doctor. But taking them for nonmedical use to get high or “self-medicate” can be just as dangerous and addictive as taking illegal street drugs.

Street Names:

Opioids: Happy Pills, Hillbilly Heroin, OC, Oxy, Oxycotton, Percs, and Vikes.

Depressants: A-minus, Barbs, Candy, Downers, Phennies, Reds, Red Birds, Seeping Pills, Tooies, Tranks, Yellow Jackets, Yellows, and Zombie Pills

Stimulants: Bennies, Black Beauties, Hearts, Roses, Skippy, The Smart Drug, Speed, and Vitamin R, and Uppers

identification:

Pill, liquid, tablet, chewable tablet, capsule, liquid lozenge, sublingual tablet, film, buccal tablet.

ways used:

Injected, smoked, snorted, rectal, swallowed, chewed.

possible health effects:

Erratic behaviour; Alterations in mood; Mental cloudiness; Confusion; Inability to sleep or excess sleep; Anxiety; Hyperactivity; Change in hygiene and appearance; Suicidal tendencies; Overdose; problems with personal relationships, employment difficulties or job loss, financial difficulties, legal issues, and psychological problems. Opioids can cause choking, changes in mood, decreased cognitive function, interruptions in the menstrual cycle, infertility and slowed breathing.



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